Environment

Bird Watching: 4 Simple Things You Need to Start

Northern Cardinal
Written by Lauren Connally

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There’s nothing quite like having a backyard packed with birds in the morning—especially if you have songbirds and more vibrantly colored species. (Although even more common ones are adorable to watch. There’s really not a bird I don’t like.) Bird watching as a hobby is fairly low-cost and super accessible.

All you need is 3 simple things—food, water, and shelter. It might sound easy, but birds aren’t always easily pleased. They can be picky and will quickly let you know when you’ve done something they don’t like! Keep reading to learn how to attract birds to your backyard and keep them happy.

(Bird perched at a feeder) Bird watching as a hobby is low-cost and accessible. Learn how to attract birds of all kinds—you'll enjoy their company and unique personalities!

Food

Even if you live in a busy area, you can typically attract plenty of birds with the right seeds and feeders. Different birds have different preferences, so it’s important to do some research on birds native to your area, decide which ones you want to attract, and find out what they eat. This is the best way to start attracting your favorites for bird watching, even if you don’t have much in the way of housing yet.

For instance, things with sunflower seeds attract two of my favorites—finches and cardinals. But it also attracts a lot of birds in general, so if I’m wanting to attract just smaller birds, I’ll put out thistle seeds. Thistle seeds are small and difficult for birds with larger beaks to eat. They’ll typically ignore thistle feeders and leave them to the smaller birds, especially if you have other feeders with different seeds.

For birds like finches and buntings:

Birds like cardinals have larger beaks and can’t easily eat thistle seeds. While they may go for them if there’s nothing else available, you’ll want to make their preferences available. They’ll likely stick around if you cater to them with larger seeds, like sunflower and safflower seeds.

Cardinals are particularly picky about feeders. Unlike smaller birds, they won’t twist and turn and go out of their way to reach into feeders. Feeders with perches, trays, or rings that allow birds to face the feeder are better for attracting cardinals. It’s well worth it to cater to cardinals though—their beautiful red feathers make them perfect for bird watching. They’re a little shy, but you can get some stunning photos once they’re more familiar with the area (and you!).

For cardinals:

I’ve also included some other general-purpose mixes and feeders if you’re just looking to attract the widest variety of birds. Start with one feeder on a pole or hanging from a tree. The closer to trees and hedges, the better! Having places to hide quickly can help them feel more comfortable.

(Robin splashing in water) Bird watching as a hobby is low-cost and accessible. Learn how to attract birds of all kinds—you'll enjoy their company and unique personalities!

Water

A regular birdbath around the feeders is sufficient, but you’ll find birds are quick to take to running water, especially if they can hear it from a distance. If they have a choice between running water and a basin, they’ll always go for the fountain. I remember frequently going outside, only to find a couple of chickadees staring me down as they sat at a dry fountain, even with fresh water in the basin.

Pumps and a regular bird bath are a bit more affordable than some of the larger fountains and sufficiently catch the attention of nearby birds (and sometimes other animals—get one that can hold up!).

(Bird peeking out of a bird house) Bird watching as a hobby is low-cost and accessible. Learn how to attract birds of all kinds—you'll enjoy their company and unique personalities!

Shelter

Having lots of dense trees is enough to attract birds, even without seeds and water. Especially if you have trees and bushes that also produce fruit, berries, seeds, and nectar, you probably already have quite a few visitors without the need to buy them more food!

If you don’t have much in the way of cover, you’ll eventually want to invest in decent birdhouses and nesting materials. I recommend stalking a nester with a few different kinds of materials. They might look like they make a mess, but birds are pretty good about using everything and not leaving anything out for long!

If you have lots of grass, ground cover, and other things they can use, you won’t need to get much of the way in materials. But if you’re greenery is a bit lacking, birds will welcome the extra material being a little closer to home.

Sale
Nature's Way Bird Products CWH3 Cedar Bluebird Box House
Air vents allow for maximum air ventilation through wall and floor openings; Clean-out doors provide easy access for cleaning
$23.61
Audubon Coppertop Cedar Wood Bluebird House Model NACOPBB
Natural cedar ornithologically correct Bluebird house with Coppertop roof; Features 1-9/16" hole fitted with predator guard
$49.95
Lantern Hill Set of 3 Hand Woven Teardrop Shaped Small Hanging Birdhouses
Give small birds shelter from the elements with our handwoven grass nesting pockets.
$18.95
Sale
Birds Choice Bluebird House Pole Set, 54 inch
Kit includes 2-pieces of our heavy duty 16 guage wall, 1: diametere black steel tubing; The ground socket twists 20" into the ground and has a set screw and 1/2" turning holes
$56.99
Prevue Pet Products (3 Pack) Sterilized Natural Coconut Fiber for Bird Nest
(3 Pack) Prevue Pet Products Sterilized Natural Coconut Fiber for Bird Nest; Coco bed nest material used for nest building and hiding out
$8.46
Heritage Farms 64006BNW Wooden Bird Nester
All natural nesting material; Refillable container; Item is well paired with Heritage Farm Bird Nester Refill item
$18.00
Heritage Farms 64007BNR Bird Nester Refill, Multicolored
All natural nesting material; Refills one bird nester.; Item is well paired with Heritage Farm Wooden Nester item.
$7.33
Bird watching as a hobby is low-cost and accessible. Learn how to attract birds of all kinds—you'll enjoy their company and unique personalities!

Bird Watching Supplies & Equipment

Once you’ve established a little community, you’re ready for the fun part! Observing and identifying everything you’ve attracted so far. This is where field guides come in handy. Especially if you’re new to the area and aren’t familiar with local wildlife, you’ll want picture references to compare against.

You’ll also want a pair of binoculars. While most will be at a range you can easily see (and, with time, may even come up to you!), you’ll always want to have a pair on hand for uncommon sightings. You never know when you’ll get a rare visitor who’s just scouting, not quite close enough to make out markings.

At first, it’s likely you’ll be spending a lot of time sitting very still until birds get more comfortable with you. If you live in a populated area, you may be able to skip the “warming up” phase and they’ll just naturally be comfortable with you. However, I still like to spend a decent amount of time sitting outside with them so they don’t fly off the second you set foot outside. Over time, they’ll come to recognize you as a caring provider.

I’ve included some things below, which are helpful to keep on hand if you’re spending any length of time in your backyard without moving a lot, or if you decide to go birdwatching offsite. (Local nature centers often have bird watching meetups and events—you’ll want to bring these in either case!) I’ve included a list of field guides and equipment below.

Sale
National Geographic Field Guide to the Birds of North America, 7th Edition
Alderfer, Jonathan (Author); English (Publication Language); 592 Pages - 09/12/2017 (Publication Date) - National Geographic (Publisher)
$19.79
National Geographic Backyard Guide to the Birds of North America (National Geographic Backyard Guides)
National Geographic Backyard Guide to the Birds of North America; Alderfer, Jonathan (Author)
$38.00
AmazonBasics Extra Large Padded Folding Outdoor Camping Chair with Bag - 38 x 24 x 36 Inches, Black
Built-in beverage-cooler pouch (hangs from armrest) for up to 4 12-ounce cans
$37.99
Contigo Autoseal West Loop Vacuum-Insulated Travel Mug, 20 Oz, Stainless Steel
Clean up: Top rack dishwasher safe lid, hand wash body
$19.99

If you come to love bird watching and want to give them a little extra, check out our gardening guide. Most plants that produce berries or nectar of some sort are a hit with the birds and can attract many unique visitors. They’ll always welcome fresh goodies from the garden and some species will even help you tend to your plants by making a meal of pests!

About the author

Lauren Connally

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